Migraine is a severe headache that causes severe throbbing pains or a pulsing sensation. Usually, it affects one side of the skull. This can be accompanied by severe sensitivity to sound and light, nausea, vomiting and extreme sensitivity. Migraine attacks can last from hours to days and can interfere with your daily activities.
An aura, which is a warning sign that precedes or follows a headache, can be a sign of trouble for some people. Auras can be visual disturbances such as flashes or blind spots or flashes of light. They also may include other disturbances such as tingling in one arm or leg or difficulty speaking. According to the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010(GBD2010), migraine is the seventh most common cause of disability worldwide. Due to cultural, lifestyle and environmental factors, migraine prevalence in South India is approximately 25.2%, which is very high.
Preventive measures can help to manage the disorder. It is crucial to identify and manage the symptoms early. Keep a headache journal and note any triggers.
Migraine and It’s Misdiagnosis
Migraine attacks are often misdiagnosed because they are sometimes called “just headaches”. More than 60% of Indian patients are misdiagnosed. This is because they don’t realize the condition and their doctors tend to make incorrect diagnoses. Most doctors prescribe only symptomatic medications, which are not effective in managing migraines long-term.
Many people don’t realize that migraine can be a genetic disorder. This means the patient may develop headaches from 20-50 years old. This leads to a lot of misdiagnosis and delayed diagnosis.
Prevention Migraine Management
Migraine prevention simply means a strategy to reduce the severity and duration of migraine attacks. To work together, a holistic and tactical approach is combined with advanced therapies and lifestyle modifications.
Preventive therapy also includes identifying trigger modifications to help avoid situations and environments that can trigger migraine points. Avoiding sunburns and wearing sunglasses can help to manage the condition.
Early intervention is key to managing migraine symptoms. This is the most difficult step towards prevention. Early intervention allows patients to see a specialist, a neurologist, promptly and have their condition diagnosed and treated correctly. Neurologists specialize in finding solutions to different types of migraines. A holistic treatment plan can be created by neurologists that includes lifestyle and environmental changes, as well as medications. This can greatly improve the management of the condition.
Migraine can be controlled if one avoids the triggers and follows the preventive therapy treatment. This will allow them to live a more balanced and healthy life. Some migraines can be prevented and made less painful by medication. Patients will benefit from the right medications, along with lifestyle and self-help measures.